Theories in developmental psychology
What is a developmental theory? what do theories
provide a framework for studying and explaining a particular
behavior, sets of behaviors.
specifically organizes thoughts, statements, and ideas to explain
how an individual develops all aspects of their life
Importance of theories
Aid our understanding of stages of development.
identify problems of
explain variation in development between individual and individual.
framework from which to work for understanding and for doing
1) Grand Theories
to explain all parts of development through the lifespan
2) Mini Theories
theories explain only particular parts of development
3) Emergent theories
are combinations of several mini-theories that develop into lifespan theories.
Theoretical perspectives on human development?
the life span into qualitatively different segments.
incremental theories or continuous theories
that the sweeping changes seen across the life span are the result of incremental advances in a person's abilities.
1) Psychoanalytic theories
Freuds Psychoanalytic Theory / Freuds Psychosexual
Eriksons Psychosocial Theory
2) Learning Theories: Behaviourism
Classic Conditioning - Ivan Pavlov
Operant Conditioning - B.F. Skinner
3) Social Learning
Bandura’s social learning theory
4) Cognitive Theories
Piaget’s cognitive theory