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Psychology of Human Growth and Development
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cognitive development part 2
Psychosocial development
Development of emotions
Depression
Language development
Cognitive development part 1
Perceptual development part 2
Memory
Development of attachment
Introduction
Nature versus nature
Introduction to developmental theories
Prenatal development and chromosomal abnormalities
Prenatal development and teratogens
Brain development
Motor development
Physical growth
Perceptual development

Lecture 3

 

Theories in developmental psychology

 

 

What is a developmental theory? what do theories do?

 

      provide a framework for studying and explaining a particular behavior, sets of behaviors.

 

      specifically organizes thoughts, statements, and ideas to explain how an individual develops all aspects of their life

 

Importance of theories

 

      Aid our understanding of stages of development.

      identify problems of  development,

      explain variation in development between individual and individual.

      framework from which to work for understanding and for doing further research.

 

Theoretical Divisions

 

1)  Grand Theories

 

try to explain all parts of development through the lifespan

 

2) Mini Theories

 

These theories explain only particular parts of development

 

3) Emergent theories

 

These are combinations of several mini-theories that develop into lifespan theories.

 

Theoretical perspectives on human development?

 

stage theories

 

divide the life span into qualitatively different segments.

 

incremental theories or continuous theories

 

suggest that the sweeping changes seen across the life span are the result of incremental advances in a person's abilities.

 

Grand Theories

 

1) Psychoanalytic theories

 

      Freuds Psychoanalytic Theory / Freuds Psychosexual

 

      Eriksons Psychosocial Theory

 

 

2) Learning Theories: Behaviourism

 

      Classic Conditioning - Ivan Pavlov

 

      Operant Conditioning - B.F. Skinner

 

3) Social Learning

 

      Bandura’s social learning theory

 

4) Cognitive Theories

 

      Piaget’s cognitive theory

 

TPS102