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Psychology of Human Growth and Development
Home
cognitive development part 2
Psychosocial development
Development of emotions
Depression
Language development
Cognitive development part 1
Perceptual development part 2
Memory
Development of attachment
Introduction
Nature versus nature
Introduction to developmental theories
Prenatal development and chromosomal abnormalities
Prenatal development and teratogens
Brain development
Motor development
Physical growth
Perceptual development

Lecture one

 

Introduction to developmental psychology I

 

What is the Psychology of Human growth and Development?

           

change across the lifespan of an individual – in other words the development of the mind and the development of the behaviour of an individual.

 

Age groups

 

Prenatal development (conception to birth)

Infancy and toddlerhood (0-3yrs)

Early Childhood,  (4-7 yrs)

Middle childhood, (8-12 yrs)

Adolescence, (12-20 yrs)

Adulthood, (2-65 yrs)

Aged & aging. (65+ yrs)

 

Domains of development

 

Physical development,

Cognitive development

Emotional and social development.

 

Central questions in developmental psychology

 

Why development occurs?

Does development occur universally?

What develops?

How and why does development occur?

What are the processes and mechanisms in development?

 

Developmental Psychology: its importance

 

Scientific understanding of human development:

Policy implications,

Theoretical

 

Historical approaches to developmental psychology

 

Rene Descartes (1596-1650), 

John Locke: (1632-1704),

Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778),

Charles Darwin (1809-1882),

G. Stanley Hall (1844-1924),

John B. Watson (1878-1958),

Arnold Gesell (1880-1961)

 

 

Major themes in explanations of development

 

nature versus Nurture

is development passive versus Active?

Is there Continuity versus Discontinuity in developmental change

 

Methods for studying developmental psychology

 

Observation

interviews and questionnaires

Laboratory tests.

Research designs are also varied, either experimental, correlational, cross-sectional, longitudinal or a combination of these.

 

Major Areas of Child Psychology, today

 

Physical development

bodily structures

motor development

Cognitive development

Sensation, perception, memory, thinking (reasoning), language

Social development

Emotion, social knowledge, morality, personality

Environment

Family, school, media, society

 

Book recommendations throughout the course

 

Schaffer, H. R. (2003). Introducing child psychology. Oxford: Blackwell.

 

Berk, L. (2003). Child Development. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

 

Harris, M., & Butterworth, G. (2002). Developmental Psychology: A Student’s Handbook. Hove: Psychology Press.

 

Atkinson, R L. et al. (1996). Hilgard's Introduction to Psychology. Ch 3.

 

Carlson, N. R., Buskist, W., & Martin, G. N. (2000). Psychology: The science of behaviour. European adaption. Harlow: Allyn and Bacon, Ch. 12.

 

Gleitman, H., Fridlund, A. J., & Reisberg, D. (1999). Psychology. 5th Edition. New York; Norton. Ch. 13, 14

 

 

 

TPS102