Introduction to developmental psychology I
is the Psychology of Human growth and Development?
across the lifespan of an individual – in other words the development of the mind and the development of the behaviour
of an individual.
Ø Prenatal development (conception to birth)
Ø Infancy and toddlerhood (0-3yrs)
Ø Early Childhood, (4-7 yrs)
Ø Middle childhood, (8-12 yrs)
Ø Adolescence, (12-20 yrs)
Ø Adulthood, (2-65 yrs)
Ø Aged & aging. (65+ yrs)
Ø Physical development,
Ø Cognitive development
Ø Emotional and social development.
questions in developmental psychology
Ø Why development occurs?
Ø Does development occur universally?
Ø What develops?
Ø How and why does development occur?
Ø What are the processes and mechanisms in development?
Psychology: its importance
Ø Scientific understanding of human development:
Ø Policy implications,
approaches to developmental psychology
Ø Rene Descartes (1596-1650),
Ø John Locke: (1632-1704),
Ø Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778),
Ø Charles Darwin (1809-1882),
Ø G. Stanley Hall (1844-1924),
Ø John B. Watson (1878-1958),
Ø Arnold Gesell (1880-1961)
themes in explanations of development
Ø nature versus Nurture
Ø is development passive versus Active?
Ø Is there Continuity versus Discontinuity in developmental change
for studying developmental psychology
Ø interviews and questionnaires
Ø Laboratory tests.
Ø Research designs are also varied, either experimental, correlational, cross-sectional,
longitudinal or a combination of these.
Areas of Child Psychology, today
Ø Physical development
Ø bodily structures
Ø motor development
Ø Cognitive development
Ø Sensation, perception, memory, thinking (reasoning), language
Ø Social development
Ø Emotion, social knowledge, morality, personality
Ø Family, school, media, society
Book recommendations throughout the course
Schaffer, H. R. (2003). Introducing child psychology. Oxford: Blackwell.
Berk, L. (2003). Child Development. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Harris, M., & Butterworth, G. (2002). Developmental Psychology: A Student’s Handbook. Hove: Psychology Press.
Atkinson, R L. et al. (1996). Hilgard's Introduction to Psychology. Ch 3.
Carlson, N. R., Buskist, W., & Martin, G. N. (2000). Psychology: The science of behaviour. European adaption. Harlow: Allyn and Bacon, Ch. 12.
Gleitman, H., Fridlund, A. J., & Reisberg, D. (1999). Psychology. 5th Edition. New York; Norton. Ch. 13, 14